Photography is a broad field that many people don’t understand. Many people will take photographs but not know what it entails apart from the camera and object being photographed. Photography involves factors such as how the image will be saved in the system. Images can be saved as JEPG or RAW.JEPG is also referred to as JPG just that it was shortened to JPG due to the era when file extensions were supposed to be three letters.
The Joint Photographic Experts Group(JEPG) is the standard format through which smartphones and digital cameras save photos in the memory card. It is the universal standard for saving pictures.
On your memory card, your photo will be saved as image.JPG.The JEPG format is usually preferred by many because the photograph doesn’t occupy a lot of space as the photograph details have been compressed all together. This makes the photo easy to share on social media or other platforms.
A compressed file is less flexible when it comes to editing because the data used by photo editors to edit the photo have been discarded to reduce photo storage capacity. The camera or smartphone applies some tweaks when the image is saved as JPG. They include sharpness,contrast, and saturation. This makes the photos hard to undo if they don’t please you. This is however different when it comes to RAW image format.
What is RAW photography?
RAW photography is the use of uncompressed image files to store photographs.The camera takes the shot and saves it in its uncompressed and unedited format in your memory card. Different from the JPG/JEPG, the RAW file format consumes more space on your memory card. In RAW photography, the image file sizes take a similar size as the pixels of a camera. A 20-megapixel camera translates to 20MB of the image size.
Camera manufacturers have their RAW file format. The Nikon RAW files are referred to as NEF. The Canon camera manufacturer has their RAW file format as CR2. This means that the image is saved as image.NEF and image.CR2 respectively.
You can not take these RAW files and share them with friends or family. They are not a universal image format, and they will also occupy a lot of space. However, the RAW file format has its advantages.
Advantages of shooting in RAW file format.
1.You all data related to the image.
When going through your photographs, you might realize some photographs are dull. In JPG file photo, you can not edit this; you have to cope with the condition of the photos. In the RAW file format, you can modify the state of the photo by tampering with various files to make the picture more appealing. A adobe lightroom presets also use the RAW file format technology to change the outlook of each preset.JPG file format, in this case, are not useful.
2.Noise and Sharpness adjustments.
In JPG file format, your camera will capture the shot and do some several edits to your photos to save them as the image.JPG.The camera system will edit contrast,saturation, and sharpness. The system will also reduce noise and finally save your picture and discard all other files.
In Raw file format, you can use dedicated image editing tools such as the Adobe Lightroom to edit and adjust noise, sharpness, contrast and so many other things to your favorite taste.
Expert photographers always advice people to taking a photograph at night or in unfavorable conditions to use the RAW file format. This is because it allows space for editing the photos to your taste, or what the editor perceives best.